language-agnostic - memory-management - stack memory in c - What and where are the stack and heap?

difference between static stack and heap allocation in compiler design / memory-management / stack / heap / dynamic-memory-allocation

Programming language books explain that value types are created on the stack, and reference types are created on the heap, without explaining what these two things are. I haven't read a clear explanation of this. I understand what a stack is. But,

RajeshKdev



Answer #1

Making a huge temporary buffer on Windows that you don't use much of is not free. This is because the compiler will generate a stack probe loop that is called every time your function is entered to make sure the stack exists (because Windows uses a single guard page at the end of your stack to detect when it needs to grow the stack. If you access memory more than one page off the end of the stack you will crash). Example:

void myfunction()
{
   char big[10000000];
   // Do something that only uses for first 1K of big 99% of the time.
}